You have a queue of integers, you need to retrieve the first unique integer in the queue. Implement the FirstUnique class: FirstUnique(int[] nums) Initializes the object with the numbers in the queue.int showFirstUnique() returns the value of the first unique integer of the queue, and returns -1 if there is no such integer.void add(int value) insert value to the queue. Example 1: Input: ["FirstUnique","showFirstUnique","add","showFirstUnique","add","showFirstUnique","add","showFirstUnique"] [[[2,3,5]],[],[5],[],[2],[],[3],[]] Output: [null,2,null,2,null,3,null,-1] … Continue reading First Unique Number

## Longest Substring Without Repeating Characters

Given a string, find the length of the longest substring without repeating characters. Example 1: Input: "abcabcbb" Output: 3 Explanation: The answer is "abc", with the length of 3. Example 2: Input: "bbbbb" Output: 1 Explanation: The answer is "b", with the length of 1. Example 3: Input: "pwwkew" Output: 3 Explanation: The answer is "wke", with … Continue reading Longest Substring Without Repeating Characters

## Callback functions in JavaScript

Hi friends! In this article we going to learn about Callback functions in JavaScript with several examples. Callback functions is also called higher order functions. In JavaScript functions are called as first class objects. We can pass object to function as an argument.We can also pass other functions into function as an argument, to execute … Continue reading Callback functions in JavaScript

## Find the Duplicate Number (Hare and Tortoise)

Given an array nums containing n + 1 integers where each integer is between 1 and n (inclusive), prove that at least one duplicate number must exist. Assume that there is only one duplicate number, find the duplicate one. Example 1: Input: [1,3,4,2,2] Output: 2 Example 2: Input: [3,1,3,4,2] Output: 3 Note: You must not modify the array (assume the array is read … Continue reading Find the Duplicate Number (Hare and Tortoise)

## Binary Search Tree Iterator

Hi Geeks! Welcome to 100 Days of Leetcode Programming challenge. Day 53 : Binary Search Tree Iterator In this article, we going to see about Binary Search Tree Iterator. Let's see the given problem. Implement an iterator over a binary search tree (BST). Your iterator will be initialized with the root node of a BST. … Continue reading Binary Search Tree Iterator

## Valid Parenthesis String

Given a string containing only three types of characters: '(', ')' and '*', write a function to check whether this string is valid. We define the validity of a string by these rules: Any left parenthesis '(' must have a corresponding right parenthesis ')'.Any right parenthesis ')' must have a corresponding left parenthesis '('.Left parenthesis '(' must go before the corresponding right parenthesis ')'.'*' could … Continue reading Valid Parenthesis String

## Validate Stack Sequences

Given two sequences pushed and popped with distinct values, return true if and only if this could have been the result of a sequence of push and pop operations on an initially empty stack. Example 1: Input: pushed = [1,2,3,4,5], popped = [4,5,3,2,1] Output: true Explanation: We might do the following sequence: push(1), push(2), push(3), push(4), pop() -> 4, push(5), pop() -> … Continue reading Validate Stack Sequences

## C# Program to find Minimum Depth of Binary Tree

Given a binary tree, find its minimum depth. The minimum depth is the number of nodes along the shortest path from the root node down to the nearest leaf node. Note: A leaf is a node with no children. Example: Given binary tree [3,9,20,null,null,15,7], 3 / \ 9 20 / \ 15 7 return its minimumÂ depth = … Continue reading C# Program to find Minimum Depth of Binary Tree

## Set Matrix Zeroes

Given a m x n matrix, if an element is 0, set its entire row and column to 0. Do it in-place. Example 1: Input: [ [1,1,1], [1,0,1], [1,1,1] ] Output: [ [1,0,1], [0,0,0], [1,0,1] ] Example 2: Input: [ [0,1,2,0], [3,4,5,2], [1,3,1,5] ] Output: [ [0,0,0,0], [0,4,5,0], … Continue reading Set Matrix Zeroes

## Reverse Vowels of a String

Write a function that takes a string as input and reverse only the vowels of a string. Example 1: Input: "hello" Output: "holle" Example 2: Input: "leetcode" Output: "leotcede" Solution public class Solution { public string ReverseVowels(string s) { string vowel = "aeiouAEIOU"; int left = 0, right = s.Length-1; char[] c = s.ToCharArray(); while(left … Continue reading Reverse Vowels of a String

## Sum of Left Leaves Iterative and Recursive Approach

Find the sum of all left leaves in a given binary tree. Example: 3 / \ 9 20 / \ 15 7 There are two left leaves in the binary tree, with values 9 and 15 respectively. Return 24. Solution DFS Approach - Recursive /** * Definition for a binary tree node. * public class … Continue reading Sum of Left Leaves Iterative and Recursive Approach

## Perform String Shifts

You are given a string s containing lowercase English letters, and a matrix shift, where shift[i] = [direction, amount]: direction can be 0 (for left shift) or 1 (for right shift). amount is the amount by which string s is to be shifted.A left shift by 1 means remove the first character of s and append it to the end.Similarly, a right shift by 1 means remove the last character … Continue reading Perform String Shifts

## Sum Root to Leaf Numbers

Hi Geeks! Welcome to 100 Days of Leetcode Programming Challenge. Day 46 Given a binary tree containing digits from 0-9 only, each root-to-leaf path could represent a number. An example is the root-to-leaf path 1->2->3 which represents the number 123. Find the total sum of all root-to-leaf numbers. Note: A leaf is a node with no children. Example: Input: [1,2,3] 1 … Continue reading Sum Root to Leaf Numbers

## Contiguous Array

Given a binary array, find the maximum length of a contiguous subarray with equal number of 0 and 1. Leetcode 12th Day Challenge. Example 1: Input: [0,1] Output: 2 Explanation: [0, 1] is the longest contiguous subarray with equal number of 0 and 1. Example 2: Input: [0,1,0] Output: 2 Explanation: [0, 1] (or [1, … Continue reading Contiguous Array

## Convert Sorted Array to Binary Search Tree

Hi Geeks!Â Welcome to 100 Days of Leetcode Challenge. In this article, we going to see about how to Convert Sorted Array to Binary Search Tree. Day 45 of 100 Given an array where elements are sorted in ascending order, convert it to a height balanced BST. For this problem, a height-balanced binary tree is defined … Continue reading Convert Sorted Array to Binary Search Tree

## Find Bottom Left Tree Value

Hi Geeks! Welcome to 100 Days of Leetcode Challenge. In this article, we going to see about how to find the bottom left tree value. Day 44 of 100 Given a binary tree, find the leftmost value in the last row of the tree. Example 1: Input: 2 / \ 1 3 Output: 1 Example … Continue reading Find Bottom Left Tree Value

## How to Validate Binary Search Tree

Given a binary tree, determine if it is a valid binary search tree (BST). Assume a BST is defined as follows: The left subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys less than the node's key.The right subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys greater than the node's key.Both the left and right subtrees must also … Continue reading How to Validate Binary Search Tree

## How to find the Height and Diameter of the Binary Tree

Hi friends, in this article, we going to see about how to find the height and diameter of Binary Tree. Height of Binary Tree Before finding the diameter of Binary Tree, we must have basic knowledge of how to find the Height of binary tree. Look at the below problem to find the Height(Maximum Depth) … Continue reading How to find the Height and Diameter of the Binary Tree

## Binary Search Tree : Insertion

You are given a pointer to the root of a binary search tree and values to be inserted into the tree. Insert the values into their appropriate position in the binary search tree and return the root of the updated binary tree. You just have to complete the function. Input Format You are given a … Continue reading Binary Search Tree : Insertion

## Min Stack

Hi Geeks. Welcome to 100 Days of Leetcode challenge. Design a stack that supports push, pop, top, and retrieving the minimum element in constant time. push(x) -- Push element x onto stack.pop() -- Removes the element on top of the stack.top() -- Get the top element.getMin() -- Retrieve the minimum element in the stack. Example: … Continue reading Min Stack

## Path Sum II

Given a binary tree and a sum, find all root-to-leaf paths where each path's sum equals the given sum. Note: A leaf is a node with no children. Example: Given the below binary tree and sum = 22, 5 / \ 4 8 / / \ 11 13 4 / \ / \ 7 2 5 1 … Continue reading Path Sum II

## Binary Tree Zigzag Level Order Traversal

Given a binary tree, return the zigzag level order traversal of its nodes' values. (ie, from left to right, then right to left for the next level and alternate between). For example:Given binary tree [3,9,20,null,null,15,7], 3 / \ 9 20 / \ 15 7 return its zigzag level order traversal as: [ [3], [20,9], [15,7] ] Solution Level … Continue reading Binary Tree Zigzag Level Order Traversal

## Binary Tree Paths

Given a binary tree, return all root-to-leaf paths. Note: A leaf is a node with no children. Example: Input: 1 / \ 2 3 \ 5 Output: ["1->2->5", "1->3"] Explanation: All root-to-leaf paths are: 1->2->5, 1->3 DFS Straight Forward Approach /** * Definition for a binary tree node. * public class TreeNode { * public int … Continue reading Binary Tree Paths

## Binary Tree Right Side View

Given a binary tree, imagine yourself standing on the right side of it, return the values of the nodes you can see ordered from top to bottom. Example: Input: [1,2,3,null,5,null,4] Output: [1, 3, 4] Explanation: 1 <--- / \ 2 3 <--- \ \ 5 4 <--- Solution Perform Level Order traversal with simple condition /** * Definition for … Continue reading Binary Tree Right Side View

## Binary Tree Level Order Traversal

Given a binary tree, return the level order traversal of its nodes' values. (ie, from left to right, level by level). For example:Given binary tree [3,9,20,null,null,15,7], 3 / \ 9 20 / \ 15 7 return its level order traversal as: [ [3], [9,20], [15,7] ] Solution - Easy to understand /** * Definition for a binary tree … Continue reading Binary Tree Level Order Traversal

## Group Anagrams

Given an array of strings, group anagrams together. Example: Input: ["eat", "tea", "tan", "ate", "nat", "bat"], Output: [ ["ate","eat","tea"], ["nat","tan"], ["bat"] ] Note: All inputs will be in lowercase.The order of your output does not matter. Leetcode 6th day challenge C# Program Solution - Easy to Understand public class Solution { public IList<IList<string>> GroupAnagrams(string[] strs) { … Continue reading Group Anagrams

## Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock II

Say you have an array for which the ith element is the price of a given stock on day i. Design an algorithm to find the maximum profit. You may complete as many transactions as you like (i.e., buy one and sell one share of the stock multiple times). Note: You may not engage in multiple transactions at the … Continue reading Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock II

## Reverse Substrings Between Each Pair of Parentheses

Introduction Hi friends! Welcome to 100 Days of Leetcode Challenge. In this article, we going to see about Reverse Substrings Between Each Pair of Parentheses. Language I took C# programming language to solve this problem. Since language is independent of the problem. You can use whatever language you wish to solve. Only problem solving approach(logic) … Continue reading Reverse Substrings Between Each Pair of Parentheses

## Find Largest Value in Each Tree Row

Hi Geeks! Welcome to 100 Days of Leetcode Challenge. In this article, you going to see about Find Largest Value in Each Tree Row. Day 30 You need to find the largest value in each row of a binary tree. Example: Input: 1 / \ 3 2 / \ \ 5 3 9 Output: [1, … Continue reading Find Largest Value in Each Tree Row

## Move Zeroes

Given an array nums, write a function to move all 0's to the end of it while maintaining the relative order of the non-zero elements. Example: Input: [0,1,0,3,12] Output: [1,3,12,0,0] Note: You must do this in-place without making a copy of the array.Minimize the total number of operations. Approach For simple solution, we can do by introducing one variable … Continue reading Move Zeroes

## Maximum Sub Array

Hi Geeks! Welcome to 100 Days of Leetcode Challenge. In this article, we going to see about Maximum Subarray. Day 29 Given an integer array nums, find the contiguous subarray (containing at least one number) which has the largest sum and return its sum. Example: Input: [-2,1,-3,4,-1,2,1,-5,4], Output: 6 Explanation: [4,-1,2,1] has the largest sum = 6. Follow … Continue reading Maximum Sub Array

## Binary Tree Level Order Traversal II

Given a binary tree, return the bottom-up level order traversal of its nodes' values. (ie, from left to right, level by level from leaf to root). For example:Given binary tree [3,9,20,null,null,15,7], 3 / \ 9 20 / \ 15 7 return its bottom-up level order traversal as: [ [15,7], [9,20], [3] ] Solution Iterative Approach /** * Definition … Continue reading Binary Tree Level Order Traversal II

## Happy Number

Write an algorithm to determine if a number is "happy". A happy number is a number defined by the following process: Starting with any positive integer, replace the number by the sum of the squares of its digits, and repeat the process until the number equals 1 (where it will stay), or it loops endlessly … Continue reading Happy Number

## Average of Levels in Binary Tree

Given a non-empty binary tree, return the average value of the nodes on each level in the form of an array. Example 1: Input: 3 / \ 9 20 / \ 15 7 Output: [3, 14.5, 11] Explanation: The average value of nodes on level 0 is 3, on level 1 is 14.5, and on … Continue reading Average of Levels in Binary Tree